Rules of the Road
The following rules inspired by the League of American Bicyclists will prepare you for a safe and fun experience no matter if you are walking, running, or biking:
1. Follow the Law
Your safety and the image of bicyclists and pedestrians depend on you. Bicyclists have the same rights and duties as drivers. Obey traffic signals and stop signs. On a bike, ride with traffic; use the rightmost lane headed in the direction you are going. When walking or running, go against traffic and make eye contact with passing drivers.
2. Be Predictable
Make your intentions clear to motorists and other road users. On a bike, ride in a straight line and don't swerve between parked cars. Signal turns, and check behind you well before turning or changing lanes. When on foot, make use of crosswalks and look both ways for oncoming traffic before stepping into the road.
3. Be Conspicuous
Stay where drivers can see you and wear bright clothing. Use a front white light, red rear light and reflectors at night or when visibility is poor. Make eye contact with drivers. Use bike lanes and paths where provided or ride in the rightmost lane of the road (except when turning). Ride on the sidewalk only in high speed or heavily traveled areas where no bike lane or road shoulder exists, and watch for pedestrians and driveways.
4. Think Ahead
Anticipate what drivers, pedestrians and bicyclists will do next. Watch for turning vehicles and ride your bike outside the door zone of parked cars. Look out for debris, potholes, and utility covers. Cross railroad tracks at right angles.
5. Ride Ready
Check you tires have sufficient air, brakes are working, chain runs smoothly, and quick release wheel levers are closed. Carry repair and emergency supplies appropriate for your ride. Wear a helmet.
6. Keep Your Cool
Road rage benefits no-one and always make a bad situation worse.
This animation is from an article in Cycling Savvy
, which provides additional tips on safe biking practices.